Thursday, June 25, 2020

What is ypur favourite word and why - 550 Words

What is ypur favourite word and why (Essay Sample) Content: What is your favorite word and why? When love is mentioned, people often think that it means of a couple who have agreed to be together and work together in order to achieve some goals in life. This is not always the case. Love is a general statement that is used to explain some kind of positive sentiments towards a person, something or towards a job or an object. It also includes the passion to do something to someone and catering for the wellbeing of another person or even strangers. Love can be a variety of different feelings and attitudes that may ranges from interpersonal pleasure. It can also refer to a some strong affection towards another person. It can also be a norm or virtue that shows how humans are supposed to interact and behave which clearly explains giving out to someone else generously. Love is very important in our lives, not only to mention but as a trait that each person should have. The main aspects of love are shown through love's actions of being kind, compassionate, offering care to others. It also contains the act of being helpful to neighbors or someone who is in need. If love is felt from the heart, then that is true love. In other instances people may abuse the word love by assuming that it is a channel to do immoral things. This is not the case. Instead, love should be outspoken, and have a lot of sacrifices being offered by one person to the other in order to keep everything the way it should be. An act of love can be shown where a person has little or no food in the house, but keeps away from eating lunch so that they could eat together with his or her partner in the evening even though he or she is sure that the partner may have some money to buy food. This act of tenderness and care is what love is. "Without love then there is no lifeà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ , this is what the old adage says. Love puts off unnecessary conflicts that emerge as people stay together. The opposite of love has always been hate. When people hate each other we have many setbacks that include killings of all manners, unhealthy lifestyles, and jealousy. Thus love helps to erase out these bad effects that are caused by lack of love. Hating someone may be caused by some factors like childhood rivalry, history or even unforgiving minds of people. Human beings should learn to embrace love since it's the only umbrella ...

Friday, May 22, 2020

Lambert Simnel as a Greater Threat to the Security of...

Lambert Simnel as a Greater Threat to the Security of Henry VII than Perkin Warbec After Bosworth, Henrys most immediate and perhaps greatest problem was ensuring that he kept the crown. from Henry VII by R. Turvey and C. Steinsberg. This was very true, as throughout Henrys reign he faced many threats because as King he wasnt established and therefore vulnerable to challenge. Also there were still Yorkists in power who wanted to claim the throne back from the usurper King and there was also strong foreign support for any potential threat towards Henry. A threat that Henry did face throughout most of his reign was the threat from Pretenders, and none came as more as threat than of Lambert†¦show more content†¦However, Warbeck was actually from Tournai in Flanders who was a personable, quite handsome and charming young man. Simnels and Warbecks claims to the throne were great threats to Henrys security, because of Henrys weak claim to the throne; therefore, it was possible for anyone to usurp his throne like he had done. Henry claim to the throne was weak as his claim only came from a female line, as he was a descendant of Henry Vs wife and the Beaufort family. But his victory at the Battle of Bosworth, enabled him as many would say to become a usurper King and Henry said he was given the throne as he has divine sanction. Both Simnel and Warbeck on their own didnt pose a great threat to Henrys security, but they did with the support they individually gained. Compared to Warbeck, Simnel internally posed a greater threat to Henrys security due to the internal support that Simnel had. Unlike Warbeck, Simnel had the support of a great noble power supporting him, and that was John de La Pole, Earl of Lincoln, who was heir to Richard III. As the heir to Richard III, John de la Pole was a major potential threat to Henry VIII. But the greater threat that John de la Pole posed and the impact of his support was that it enabled Simnel to link his internal support and foreign support (therefore, linking internal and external threat), because of John de la Pole being the nephew of

Monday, May 18, 2020

Energy in the World Around Us Essay - 550 Words

Energy in the World Around Us How can we make energy more affordable and better for the environment? Once our fossil fuels run out, we cannot just go out and make more. The fossil fuels that we use today, took millions of years to create. So what happens when we run out? We will have to look to other sources of energy to serve the growing population. There are many sources of energy in the world that are renewable sources and will always be there. The main sources are wind, the sun, the moon and stars, and water. These are all reliable sources of energy that we will be able to access very easily in the many years that we will have to face. Also with new emerging technologies, we will be able to collect this energy and store it†¦show more content†¦The energy that the moon provides is still useful and should be taken advantage of. When we see the moon every night, do we think about the possible uses that we could have for it; the possible energy that we could use from it? Water is the most abundant resource on earth. Water power, or hydro-power, is the most used source of renewable energy. More than half of the earth is covered with water. In the early 1900s, the settlers made the water wheel to power the first mills, grinding wheat, or for other agriculture uses. We still use water power today but not many people realize how powerful the water is; water can break mountains, can kill thousands of people in just one wave, and can destroy anything in its path. Another possible source of energy, though not proven, is hydrogen power. Hydrogen can produce a great amount of energy with almost no pollution. Fuel cells are able to combine hydrogen with oxygen, producing energy which possibly could be used to power cars, buildings, and other devices. Hydrogen fuel cells are a promising technology for the years to come. Over the course of a couple years, our fossil fuels may be all gone, so we must prepare for that with other sources of renewable energy, energy that we can reuse many times over. The main sources that we have as of today are solar power, wind power, lunar power, and water power. Hydrogen is another source that can be very promising and helpful to the growing need of energy in ourShow MoreRelatedThe World Is Without Energy1639 Words   |  7 Pagesthe world be without energy? Wel l, the answer is nowhere, the earth wouldn’t exist because there would be no nuclear fission of hydrogen occurring on the sun and the earth the earth would freeze over and fall into darkness. Where would we be if there was no energy? We wouldn’t exist, energy is vital to us it provides us with heat and gives us food to eat, and oxygen to breathe. To be more specific no life would exist without energy, energy is a vital resource to the survival of mankind. Energy hasRead MoreSolar Energy Is Becoming More Of A Reasonable Price1491 Words   |  6 PagesWe used the solar energy for quite a few things; is to dry our clothes and give us food. Just a minor portion of the sun’s solar energy that hits the Earth is sufficient to meet all our needs many circumstances over. Every second, enough energy reaches earth that can provide us with energy for a year, only if we know how to utilize it. According to (Solar Energy Industries Association) â€Å"Solar Energy is becomi ng more of a reasonable price. It has become predominant in the United States than any timeRead MoreOil And Its Effects On The World1526 Words   |  7 PagesPopulation In the world there are about seven billion people living at once. With all the resources available to us, and the increasing birth rate; we will face a huge problem of surviving. The earth will not be able to sustain more than ten billion people, and with the rate of births compared to deaths per year, seven billion is closely approaching ten billion in a matter of decades. Consequently, if society does not change the amount of resources we consume, and create efficient ways toRead MoreWhy Bother By Michael Pollen1135 Words   |  5 Pages and the cheap-energy mind in his article. He tells us that we need to act now before the phenomenon gets worse. Have you paid attention to the environment lately? Have you noticed the rising temperature around the world? Have you noticed the melting of the ice caps? If you haven’t you are about to be in for a surprise. The world has gotten very bad and we need to act now. There are a lot of causes to the environmental problems. The main cause are from farmers all around the world. Farmers are aRead MoreThe Earth s Journey With Energy1448 Words   |  6 Pages For thousands of years humans, as engineers, have been harnessing and manipulating many forms of energy. As humanity gained knowledge, they became better able to manipulate energy into a productive force. The harnessing of fire, steam, oil and nuclear power have all greatly influenced humanity. The first monumental leap in mankind’s journey with energy, was when early hominids mastered fire around 350 000 years ago.[1] The knowledge of fire making largely attributed to the evolution of humans.Read MoreHuman Resources And Its Effects On The World1517 Words   |  7 PagesPopulation On our world there are about seven billion people living at once. With all the resources available to us versus the increasing rate of people born a year, we will face a huge problem of surviving. Our earth will not be able to sustain more than ten billion people and with the rate of births versus deaths per year, seven billion is closely approaching ten billion in a matter of decades. If we do not change the amount of resources we consume and create efficient ways to reduce totalRead MoreThe Human Race : A Great Deal Over The Course Of Recent History Essay1050 Words   |  5 Pagesimportance. One of the fundamental bases behind these engineering feats is the harnessing of energy sources, such as electrical and heat energy. This has allowed for many innovations, for example power stations, transportation, communications and computers, which have all become critical to society and the modern world in which we live. 1 – Introduction It is almost impossible, today, to look around you and not see the products of engineering, pretty much regardless of where one may be.Read MoreWhy Do We Need Solar Energy?1401 Words   |  6 PagesDo We Need Solar Energy? With the worlds natural resources depleting rapidly, humans must find a way to compensate. This society has milked oil, coal, gasoline, lead, uranium, and many other of these reservoirs in our Earth for hundreds of years and much has been done. Asphalt was used for our roads and highways, coal was originally used for heat before there was oil, and even water was used as a form of electricity on many rural farms. Luckily, more companies around the world are waking up toRead MoreEssay on Why Do We Need Solar Energy?1384 Words   |  6 PagesNeed Solar Energy? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;With the world’s natural resources depleting rapidly, humans must find a way to compensate. This society has milked oil, coal, gasoline, lead, uranium, and many other of these reservoirs in our Earth for hundreds of years and much has been done. Asphalt was used for our roads and highways, coal was originally used for heat before there was oil, and even water was used as a form of electricity on many rural farms. Luckily, more companies around the worldRead More Light Essays887 Words   |  4 PagesIN OUR WORLD If asked what light is, one could say that its one of the most basic elements of our world and our universe as we perceive it. It is through sight that we receive 90% of our information. It is through the use of telescopes aiding the naked eye that we are aware of the heavenly bodies around us. It is through light that the energy from the sun is transferred to us. The suns energy supports the food chain; plants use it to turn water and CO2 into energy usable

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Effects Of Chemical Reactions On The Cell - 1654 Words

Introduction: When chemical reactions occur in the cell, enzymes, which are proteins, help catalyze the reaction (Schultz, D. L, 2005). Due to the fact that all enzymes are proteins, the folding pattern affects how the enzyme functions and if there is not proper folding then the enzyme cannot bind to substrates (Schultz, D. L, 2005). If there were no enzymes in cells, then the process of reactions would happen slowly. As said in Worthington Biochem, without enzymes, these reactions take place at a rate far too slow for the pace of metabolism. The reason why enzymes catalyze chemical reactions is due to the fact that enzymes lower the activation energy in the cell(Schultz, D. L, 2005). Activation energy is the amount of energy needed in a reaction. Every different type of enzyme is used for a specific molecule. Each molecule receives different signals that is why there is different enzymes for different molecules. Enzymes pair up with the substrate that matches and help carry on the reaction(Holum, J , Bennett, T. P., Frieden, E . . Harrow, B., Mazur, A. Martinek, R Pfeiffer, J). If there is more substrate added, the reaction rate will not be affected since there are not any enzyme molecules to react(Holum, J , Bennett, T. P., Frieden, E . . Harrow, B., Mazur, A. Martinek, R Pfeiffer, J). Two factors that interfere with the process of enzyme activity are different temperatures and pH changes. The reason behind that is because they are environmental changes. There are alsoShow MoreRelatedHealth Risks And Exposure Of Toxic Chemicals1048 Words   |  5 PagesHealth Risk and Exposure to Toxic Chemicals Many scientific researchers have said that our environment has been filled with toxic chemicals, which us humans have had a part of. There are many different issues that should concern us surrounding these toxic chemicals. The major concern is that many of these toxic chemicals have been claimed to be causing damage to the health of humans and even other life forms. Another concern is that most of the theses toxic chemicals have just recently been produced;Read MoreHow Does What We Eat Affect Our Brains?1449 Words   |  6 Pagesmechanism of action of many dietary nutrients still remains unknown or unexplained, the subject of concern to many. Effects are caused by excesses or deficiencies in certain chemicals, and can manifest themselves in various ways - current understanding suggests a myriad of ways in which dietary chemicals affect the brain. Many have the potential to alter the presence of various chemical signalling agents, and to alter hormone levels, which can affect behaviour, feelings, and our perception of the worldRead MoreBiological Reactions Of Chemical Reactions Essay1348 Words   |  6 Pagesthousands of chemical reactions that occur in an organism that make life possible. Most of these chemical reactions occur too slowly on their own. Enzymes are protein catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in a cell. Catalysts are not changed by the reactions they control, and are not used up during the reaction. Enzymes therefore, can be used over and over again. Enzymes are large complex proteins made by the cell and allow chemical reactions to take place at the temperature of the cell. TheseRead MoreEssay On Substrate Specificity Of Enzymes1119 Words   |  5 Pagesenzyme binds to its substrate at the active site of the enzyme, an enzyme-substrate complex is created. While in the complex, chemical reactions takes place and products are made. Enzymes have specific shapes that determine their functions. The shapes accommodate very specific molecules. Enzymes change shape after chemical reactions. There different energy changes with the reactions due to the state of the enzyme. The active site also changes shape when the substrate binds to it, thus allows for theRead MoreLab Report on Measuring the Rate of Conversion of Hydrogen Peroxide using Enzyme Catalysis664 Words   |  3 Pagesusing Enzyme Catalysis In essence, the main objective was to use chemical titration to measure and then calculate the rate of conversion of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to water and oxygen by using the enzyme catalase. Other purposes of the lab were; to measure the effects of changes of temperature, pH, enzymes concentration, and substrate concentration on rates of an enzyme. The lab was also an opportunity to see a catalyzed reaction in a controlled experiment. And the last objective was to learn howRead MoreThe Effect Of Enzymes On Chemical Reactions On The Body905 Words   |  4 Pagesconcepts to find out the different chemical reactions that take place in the bodies of living organisms and the influence of various organic substances in these reactions. The reactions are influenced by various enzymatic actions that are very important in the body as they help in activities such as the breakdown of substances for assimilation in the body. This paper explains the various processes taking place in the body and the effect of enzymes on chemical reactions in the body. Background informationRead MoreMetabolism and Energy Essay849 Words   |  4 PagesMetabolism is defined the sum of all chemical reactions which occurs and are involved in sustaining life of a cell, and thus an organism. Metabolism is of the following two types: catabolism and anabolism. In catabolism, molecules break down producing energy During anabolism, synthesis of essential compounds needed by the cells are produced (such as DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis). Bioenergetics describes the metabolic pathways by which a cell obtains energy. Nutrition science studies the relationRead MoreToxic Response of Biological System732 Words   |  3 Pagesresponse of biological system Toxins are chemical, biological or physical substances that cause damage to an organism when they enter the biological system. These toxics can affect the entire system of the organism or just a substructure of the organism like cells or organs. Biological systems respond to toxins in various ways and this depends on many factors. Even though many toxic effects of foreign compounds are biochemically based, the way these effects are expressed may be very different. TheRead MoreThe Chemistry Within Oncology And Cancer1174 Words   |  5 Pagestreatments or actually finding a significant cure (American Cancer Society,2013). This paper is explaining how chemistry is used to seek out cancer cells, treat, and also inform how the different chemicals are affecting our body. Firstly, Temperatures can have a significant effect on cancer. A cold environment can speed up the growth of cancer cells within the body. When your body is cold it starts to react differently by gradually going into survival mode, making your blood vessels narrow inRead MoreThe Role Of Chemical Reactions And Electricity And Centers Upon The Interrelation Of Chemical Energy And Electrical Energy1707 Words   |  7 PagesElectrochemistry, a branch of physical chemistry, is the study of the relationship between chemical reactions and electricity and centers upon the interrelation of chemical energy and electrical energy. Contributing to such crucial technological developments as the invention of batteries and fuel cells, corrosion protection and the study of metallurgy, electrochemistry is credited with a great deal of real life applications and has had widespread impact on mankind. One of the most common and fundamental

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

International Emergency Powers Act ( Iepa ) - 1501 Words

On November 4, 1979, Iranian revolutionaries stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and took several Americans hostage . President Carter subsequently issued executive order 12170, under the provision of the International Emergency Powers Act (IEPA), which froze all Iranian governmental assets within the jurisdiction of the United States . 444 days later Iran agreed to release the hostages in exchange for the return of their seized funds and the dismissal of â€Å"all legal proceedings of US nationals against Iran and†¦ judgments via those pending proceedings†; this agreement is the basis for the Algiers Accords . Executive orders serve as immediate control measures for crises but often warrant criticism and further examination. Before the hostage crisis, Dames Moore Cooperation filed lawsuits against numerous Iranian governmental agencies. Dames was already furious about slow progress of their case in early 1980, but Carter’s executive order effectively forced the cooperation to relegate the case with the newly formed Claims Tribunal. Dames doubted the constitutionality of the executive actions arguing that they exceeded constitutional limitations, so he challenged the executive order directly . Because of the severity of the events surrounding the executive order, the case was sent directly to the Supreme Court. Ultimately, the Court upheld executive order 12170; the issues of fund transfer and suspension of legal claims both proved legal under the IEPA and congressionalShow MoreRelatedRacism and Ethnic Discrimination44667 Words   |  179 Pages1 Lack of socio-demographic information 44 5.4.2 Social exclusion 45 5.4.3 Discrimination in health care 45 5.4.4 Discrimination in churches 46 5.4.5 Discrimination in education 47 5.4.6 Discrimination in processes promoted by international cooperation agencies and development aid 48 5.4.7 Discrimination through the media 48 2 of 104 Racism and Ethnic Discrimination in Nicaragua November 2006 5.4.8 The impact of racism on gender relations 5.4.9 Migration and racism

Wavelets are mathematical functions Free Essays

string(170) " generate a information construction that containssegments of assorted lengths, normally make fulling and transforming it into a different informations vector of length\." Abstraction Ripples are mathematical maps that cut up informations into different frequence constituents, and so analyze each constituent with a declaration matched to its graduated table. They have advantages over traditional Fourier methods in analysing physical state of affairss where the signal contains discontinuities and crisp spikes. Ripples were developed independently in the Fieldss of mathematics, quantum natural philosophies, electrical technology, and seismal geology. We will write a custom essay sample on Wavelets are mathematical functions or any similar topic only for you Order Now Interchanges between these Fieldss during the last 10 old ages have led to many new ripple applications such as image compaction, turbulency, human vision, radio detection and ranging, and temblor anticipation. This paper introduces ripples to the interested proficient individual outside of the digital signal processing field. I describe the history of ripples get downing with Fourier, compare ripple transforms with Fourier transforms, province belongingss and other particular facets of ripples, and Coating with some interesting applications such as image compaction, musical tones, and de-noising noisy informations. 1. Introduction A ripple is a wave-like oscillation with amplitude that starts out at zero, additions, and so decreases back to nothing. It can typically be visualized as a â€Å" brief oscillation † like one might see recorded Seismograph Or bosom proctor. Generally, ripples are purposefully crafted to hold specific belongingss that make them utile for signal processing. Ripples can be combined, utilizing a â€Å" displacement, multiply and amount † technique called whirl, with parts of an unknown signal to pull out information from the unknown signal. Wavelets provide an alternate attack to traditional signal processing techniques such as Fourier analysis for interrupting a signal up into its component parts. The drive drift behind ripple analysis is their belongings of being localised in clip ( infinite ) every bit good as graduated table ( frequence ) . This provides a time-scale map of a signal, enabling the extraction of characteristics that vary in clip. This makes wavelets an ideal tool for analyzing signals of a transient or non-stationary nature. 2. History The development of ripples can be linked to several separate trains of idea, get downing with Haar ‘s work in the early twentieth century. Noteworthy parts to wavelet theory can be attributed to Zweig ‘s find of the uninterrupted ripple transform in 1975 ( originally called the cochlear transform and discovered while analyzing the reaction of the ear to sound ) , Pierre Goupillaud, Grossmann and Morlet ‘s preparation of what is now known as the CWT ( 1982 ) , Jan-Olov Str A ; ouml ; mberg ‘s early work on distinct ripples ( 1983 ) , Daubechies ‘ extraneous ripples with compact support ( 1988 ) , Mallat ‘s multiresolution model ( 1989 ) , Nathalie Delprat ‘s time-frequency reading of the CWT ( 1991 ) , Newland ‘s Harmonic ripple transform ( 1993 ) and many others since. First ripple ( Haar ripple ) by Alfred Haar ( 1909 ) Since the 1970s: George Zweig, Jean Morlet, Alex Grossmann Since the 1980s: Yves Meyer, St A ; eacute ; phane Mallat, Ingrid Daubechies, Ronald Coifman, Victor Wickerhauser 3. WAVELET THEORY Wavelet theory is applicable to several topics. All ripple transforms may be considered signifiers of time-frequency representation for continuous-time ( parallel ) signals and so are related to harmonic analysis. Almost all practically utile distinct ripple transforms use discrete-time filter Bankss. These filter Bankss are called the ripple and scaling coefficients in ripples nomenclature. These filter Bankss may incorporate either finite impulse response ( FIR ) or infinite impulse response ( IIR ) filters. The ripples organizing a uninterrupted ripple transform ( CWT ) are capable to the uncertainness rule of Fourier analysis respective trying theory: Given a signal with some event in it, one can non delegate at the same time an exact clip and frequence response graduated table to that event. The merchandise of the uncertainnesss of clip and frequence response graduated table has a lower edge. Therefore, in the scale gm of a uninterrupted ripple transform of this signal, such an event marks an full part in the time-scale plane, alternatively of merely one point. Besides, distinct ripple bases may be considered in the context of other signifiers of the uncertainness rule. Wavelet transforms are loosely divided into three categories: uninterrupted, distinct and multiresolution-based. Above shown diagram shows all CWT ( Continuous Wavelet ) , DWT ( Discrete Wavelet ) . These all varies with the clip and degree and all graphs obtained are above shown. 4. WAVELET TRANSFORMS There are a big figure of ripple transforms each suited for different applications. For a full list see list of wavelet-related transforms but the common 1s are listed below: Continuous ripple transform ( CWT ) Discrete ripple transform ( DWT ) Fast ripple transform ( FWT ) Raising strategy Wavelet package decomposition ( WPD ) Stationary ripple transform ( SWT ) 5. WAVELET PACKETS The ripple transform is really a subset of a far more various transform, the ripple package transform. Wavelet packages are peculiar additive combinations of ripples. They form bases which retain many of the perpendicularity, smoothness, and localisation belongingss of their parent ripples. The coefficients in the additive combinations are computed by a recursive algorithm doing each freshly computed ripple package coefficient sequence the root of its ain analysis tree. 6. WAVELETS IN MATLAB Wavelet Toolbox package extends the MATLAB proficient calculating environment with graphical tools and command-line maps for developing wavelet-based algorithms for the analysis, synthesis, denoising, and compaction of signals and images. Wavelet analysis provides more precise information about signal informations than other signal analysis techniques, such as Fourier. The Wavelet Toolbox supports the synergistic geographic expedition of ripple belongingss and applications. It is utile for address and sound processing, image and picture processing, biomedical imagination, and 1-D and 2-D applications in communications and geophysical sciences. 7. WAVELETS VS FOURIER TRANSFORM Each and every thing in this universe comparable to it has some similarities and unsimilarities with that same is the instance with the ripples and Fourier transform. Ripples can be compared with the Fourier transform on the footing of their similarities and unsimilarities which are explained as follows. Assorted sorts of similarities and unsimilarities of ripples and Fourier transform are as follows. 7.1 SIMILARITIES BETWEEN FOURIER AND WAVELET TRANSFORMS The fast Fourier transform ( FFT ) and the distinct ripple transform ( DWT ) are both additive operations that generate a information construction that containssegments of assorted lengths, normally make fulling and transforming it into a different informations vector of length. You read "Wavelets are mathematical functions" in category "Essay examples" The mathematical belongingss of the matrices involved in the transforms are similar as good. The reverse transform matrix for both the FFT and the DWT is the transpose of the original. As a consequence, both transforms can be viewed as a rotary motion in map infinite to a different sphere. For the FFT, this new sphere contains footing maps that are sines and cosines. For the ripple transform, this new sphere contains more complicated footing maps called ripples, female parent ripples, or analysing ripples. Both transforms have another similarity. The basic maps are localized in frequence, doing mathematical tools such as power spectra ( how much power is contained in a frequence interval ) and scale gms ( to be defined subsequently ) utile at picking out frequences and ciphering power distributions. 7.2 DISSIMILARITIES BETWEEN FOURIER AND WAVELET TRANSFORMS The most interesting unsimilarity between these two sorts of transforms is that single ripple maps arelocalized in space.Fourier sine and cosine maps are non. This localisation characteristic, along with ripples ‘ localisation of frequence, makes many maps and operators utilizing ripples â€Å" thin † when transformed into the ripple sphere. This spareness, in bend, consequences in a figure of utile applications such as informations compaction, observing characteristics in images, and taking noise from clip series. One manner to see the time-frequency declaration differences between the Fourier transform and the ripple transform is to look at the footing map coverage of the time-frequency plane. The square moving ridge window truncates the sine or cosine map to suit a window of a peculiar breadth. Because a individual window is used for all frequences in the WFT, the declaration of the analysis is the same at all locations in the time-frequency plane. 8. WAVELET APPLICATIONS There are assorted sorts of applications in the field of ripples which are as follows can be explained as follows Computer and Human Vision FBI Fingerprint Compression Denoising Noisy Data Musical Tones 8.1 COMPUTER AND HUMAN VISION In the early 1980s, David Marr began work at MIT ‘s Artificial Intelligence Laboratory on unreal vision for automatons. He is an expert on the human ocular system and his end was to larn why the first efforts to build a automaton capable of understanding its milieus were unsuccessful. Marr believed that it was of import to set up scientific foundations for vision, and that while making so ; one must restrict the range of probe by excepting everything that depends on preparation, civilization, and so on, and concentrate on the mechanical or nonvoluntary facets of vision. This low-level vision is the portion that enables us to animate the 3-dimensional organisation of the physical universe around us from the excitements that stimulate the retina. He so developed working algorithmic solutions to reply each of these inquiries. Marr ‘s theory was that image processing in the human ocular system has a complicated hierarchal construction that involves several beds of processing. At each treating degree, the retinal system provides a ocular representation that scales increasingly in a geometrical mode. His statements hinged on the sensing of strength alterations. He theorized that strength alterations occur at different graduated tables in an image, so that their optimum sensing requires the usage of operators of different sizes. He besides theorized that sudden strength alterations produce a extremum or trough in the first derived function of the image. These two hypotheses require that a vision filter have two features: it should be a differential operator, and it should be capable of being tuned to move at any coveted graduated table. Marr ‘s operator was a ripple that today is referred to as a â€Å" Marr ripple. † 8.2 FBI FINGERPRINT COMPRESSION Between 1924 and today, the US Federal Bureau of Investigation has collected about 30 million sets of fingerprints. The archive consists chiefly of inked feelings on paper cards. Facsimile scans of the feelings are distributed among jurisprudence enforcement bureaus, but the digitisation quality is frequently low. Because a figure of legal powers are experimenting with digital storage of the prints, mutual exclusivenesss between informations formats have late become a job. This job led to a demand in the condemnable justness community for a digitisation and a compaction criterion. In 1993, the FBI ‘s Criminal Justice Information Services Division developed criterions for fingerprint digitisation and compaction in cooperation with the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Los Alamos National Laboratory, commercial sellers, and condemnable justness communities. Let ‘s set the informations storage job in position. Fingerprint images are digitized at a declaration o f 500 pels per inch with 256 degrees of gray-scale information per pel. A individual fingerprint is about 700,000 pels and demands about 0.6 Mbytes to hive away. A brace of custodies, so, requires about 6 Mbytes of storage. So digitising the FBI ‘s current archive would ensue in approximately 200 TBs of informations. ( Notice that at today ‘s monetary values of about $ 900 per Gbyte for hard-disk storage, the cost of hive awaying these uncompressed images would be about 200 million dollars. ) Obviously, informations compaction is of import to convey these Numberss down. 8.3 DENOISING NOISY DATA In diverse Fieldss from planetal scientific discipline to molecular spectrometry, scientists are faced with the job of retrieving a true signal from uncomplete, indirect or noisy informations. Can wavelets assist work out this job? The reply is surely â€Å" yes, † through a technique called ripple shrinking and thresholding methods that David Donoho has worked on for several old ages. The technique works in the undermentioned manner. When you decompose a information set utilizing ripples, you use filters that act as averaging filters and others that produce inside informations. Some of the ensuing ripple coefficients correspond to inside informations in the information set. If the inside informations are little, they might be omitted without well impacting the chief characteristics of the information set. The thought of thresholding, so, is to put to zero all coefficients that are less than a peculiar threshold. These coefficients are used in an reverse ripple transmutation t o retrace the information set. Figure 6 is a brace of â€Å" before † and â€Å" after † illustrations of a atomic magnetic resonance ( NMR ) signal. The signal is transformed, threshold and inverse-transformed. The technique is a important measure frontward in managing noisy informations because the denoising is carried out without smoothing out the crisp constructions. The consequence is cleaned-up signal that still shows of import inside informations. Fig.8.3.1 displays an image created by Donoho of Ingrid Daubechies ( an active research worker in ripple analysis and the discoverer of smooth orthonormal ripples of compact support ) , and so several close-up images of her oculus: an original, an image with noise added, and eventually denoised image. To denoise the image, Donoho: transformed the image to the ripple sphere utilizing Coiflets with three disappearing minutes, applied a threshold at two standard divergences, and Inverse-transformed the image to the signal sphere. 8.4 MUSICAL TONES Victor Wickerhauser has suggested that ripple packages could be utile in sound synthesis. His thought is that a individual ripple package generator could replace a big figure of oscillators. Through experimentation, a instrumentalist could find combinations of moving ridge packages that produce particularly interesting sounds. Wickerhauser feels that sound synthesis is a natural usage of ripples. Say one wishes to come close the sound of a musical instrument. A sample of the notes produced by the instrument could be decomposed into its ripple package coefficients. Reproducing the note would so necessitate recharging those coefficients into a ripple package generator and playing back the consequence. Transient features such as onslaught and decay- approximately, the strength fluctuations of how the sound starts and ends- could be controlled individually ( for illustration, with envelope generators ) , or by utilizing longer wave packages and encoding those belongingss every bit good i nto each note. Any of these procedures could be controlled in existent clip, for illustration, by a keyboard. Notice that the musical instrument could merely every bit good be a human voice, and the notes words or phonemes. A wavelet-packet-based music synthesist could hive away many complex sounds expeditiously because ripple package coefficients, like ripple coefficients, are largely really little for digital samples of smooth signals ; and Discarding coefficients below a predetermined cutoff introduces merely little mistakes when we are compacting the information for smooth signals. Similarly, a wave packet-based address synthesist could be used to retrace extremely tight address signals. Figure 8.4.1 illustrates a ripple musical tone or toneburst. 9. ADVANTAGES OF WAVELET TRANSFORMATION Advantages of ripple transmutation are as follows which are discussed below. Space and Time Efficiency ( Low Complexity of DWT ) . Generality A ; Adaptability ( Different Basis and Wavelet Functions ) . Multiresolution Properties ( Hierarchical Representation A ; Manipulation ) . Adaptability of the Transformation ( Different Basis Functions let different Properties of the Transformation ) Transformation is Hierarchical ( Multiresolution – Properties ) Transformation is Loss-Free Efficiency of the Transformation ( Linear Time and Space Complexity for Orthogonal Wavelets ) Generalization of the Transformation ( Generalization of other Transformations ) CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE Most of basic ripple theory has been done. The mathematics has been worked out in tormenting item and ripple theory is now in the polish phase. The refinement phase involves generalisations and extensions of ripples, such as widening ripple package techniques. The hereafter of ripples lies in the as-yet chartless district ofapplications.Wavelet techniques have non been exhaustively worked out in applications such as practical information analysis, where for illustration discretely sampled time-series informations might necessitate to be analyzed. Such applications offer exciting avenues for geographic expedition. Basically after working on this term paper we came to cognize about the construct of the ripples its relation with the Fourier transform its advantages in shacking universe. Mentions www.yahoo.com ( a truly friendly usher to ripples ) . www.google.com ( ripples ppt. ) . www.wikipedia.com ( ripples ) . www.google.com ( Seminar Report on ripples by ROBI POLIKAR ) www.google.com ( applications of ripples ) . How to cite Wavelets are mathematical functions, Essay examples

Planning Tools And Techniques For Toyota Motor

Question: The presentation is primarily assessed on presentation technique. Your tutor will make suggestions on improving the academic quality of your assignment. Answer: Introduction Toyota Australia is one of the leading companies that have been successfully selling quality cars to the clients. The company believes in analysing and implementing innovation strategic plans through which the tasks can be achieved. Objective of the company is to adopt and implement the best strategies through which the objectives to serve maximum number of clients and offbeat the challenges are overpowered. This is quite important from the business success point of view. The company has introduced wide range of new cars for the clients that also include hybrid vehicles that consume less fuel. Besides this, the new vehicles have the ability to provide better services. This is one of the reasons the scanning is done, which will help in increasing the production activities without increasing the operational activities. For this it is necessary to analyse and introduce effective planning methods, tools and techniques. These factors will help in overpowering the challenges that are assoc iated with the competition and the rival companies. Through such process, the company find the better methods through which the gaps between the performance and the set objectives, analysis of the past, present, and future performance, and other factors are taken into consideration. This is being done with an intention of increasing the performance and introduces new and better products that will cater the needs of the clients. The issues that are expected to impact the performance of the company has to be analysed, before framing the goals and the plans that will be suitable for the organization. The changes that are intended to be implemented by the company are introduced in terms of values, mission, and changes in the production activities (Aaldehayyat and Anchor, 2008). Operational activities are quite important for the successful business operational activities. This is one of the reasons; the management of the company adopt effective standardised methods for improving the production activities. The changes are introduced after analysing the challenges and gathering the feedback from the concerned parties. This is considered to be one of the important factors that help in adopting and implementing the right states through which the required changes can be implemented. The organizational plan is developed and implemented on the long term basis, and the challenges that are expected to be faced in this process are analysed. A plan that has been set forth by the management has to be rationale and shouldnt be based on the perceptions at all. The objectives of the managers are to reduce the occurrence of the current problem that has a direct impact on the performance or production activities. In this case issues related to sales reduction, less profit earnings ratios, and other factors are analysed. Future problems like the increasing production expenses have to be evaluated in advice. For this, the statistical methods for planning are implied. Such steps are taken to introduce better steps for increasing the production activities, without affecting the quality of services and relationship with the clients. With the help of the strategic planning it is possible for the management of the company to develop strategic plans that will improve the quality of decision making. In the strategic decisions, plans are prepared at each stage of the production activities. This is done to analyse the changes that is implemented by the management (Ambrosini, and Bowman, 2003.). Evaluation of the ability of the company Toyota Australia has been functional 1963. The company has been manufacturing and selling different types of cars that will cater the needs of the clients with different requirements. This is one of the reasons; the management of the company has been successfully working on different plans through which the strengths and weakness of the company can be analysed. For this, it is necessary to conduct the audit through which the strengths of the management and the production activity can be analysed. In this process, the importance of the planning for increase in the quality of the production activities cannot be overlooked. The company follows different types of strategies, and it is necessary to identify and evaluate the tools and techniques that help in improving the performance. The tools are distinct from each other, and have to be included in the strategic and the operational activities that are used for decision making. The selection of the tools has to be done with care and effor ts to gather the correct information. Some of the methods that are included in the process are critical questions, gap analysis, product market matrix, and others (Baumgartne et al., 2005). However one of the most important factors is the critical question analysis, which helps in evaluating the impact of the decision that has been taken by the management. In this process, the critical questions related to the production process decided to be followed by the company has to be analysed. In this process the below mentioned questions are analysed 1. Analysing the objectives of the company - Here, importance is given to find the answer about the questions that are related to the production process and activities that has been intended to be followed by the company. Toyota Australia believes in rendering the best possible services to the clients, and for this it is necessary to analyse the challenges that are expected to be faced at the time of implementing the changes for the production department. The steps that needs to be followed for achieving the objectives of the company has to be analysed, as this will help in accomplishing the task that has been set forth by the management. The future of the company as decided by the members is to render quality and reliable services to the clients (Becker et al., 2003). 2. Evaluate the present situation - At present, the changes that are intended the management and the process adopted by the company to be implemented by the company has been done after analysing the present situation and performance. The answers related to the production process and the steps that has to be followed for increasing the production process is analysed. This is done with an intention of finding the answers to the questions through which the production activities can be improved. In this process, the level of the production activities that needs to be followed for increasing the production process has to be decided. The goals have to be communicated with the stakeholders, members, and the staffs of the company. This will help in improving the quality of the production process that has been intended to be adopted by the company. 3. Analysing the environmental challenges - This includes evaluating the changes in terms of competition, changes in the expectations of the clients, increase in the raw material costs, and other factors. Through this method, it is possible for the company to accomplish the task, without affecting performance of the company. In this case, it is essential to evaluate the internal and external factors that can directly affect the performance of the company. These factors are considered to be essential for increasing the production activities, and making the necessary changes through which the quality of the production activities can be increased. The questions are related to the process that needs to be adopted for making the changes and the techniques that will be followed for increasing the production activities (Carvalho and Ferreira, 2001). 4. Changes - Planning is quite important to decide upon the changes that would have to be implemented for accomplishing the tasks that has been set forth by the company. The changes have to be made after evaluating the time that will be required for implementing the changes. This is one of the important tools, and the techniques needs to be simple and effective, as this will help in accomplishing the task that has been set forth by the company. Tools for analysing the problem related to planning This is one of the most important tools through which the essential changes can be implemented by the management. In this process, the tools are used for effectively solving the problem and making the corrective steps through which the issues can be handled in the best possible manner. In this method the company considers the management science, which is one of the most important and essential tools through which the changes can be implemented. For this, the changes expected to be implemented has to be drafted and introduced. Management science is a term that has been referred to as the quantitative method that is based on different models that has been adopted for making the business decision. For this, the management of the company choose one of the following tools and techniques Adopting effective management science for quantitative tools. Implementing the decision models Decision making process that is used for substituting the changes that are required for implementing the changes (Clark, 2007). Some of the techniques that are adopted by the company in solving the program related to planning and implementation include - 1. Break-even analysis - In this method, the management of Toyota can determine the number of cars or units manufactured by the company has been sold to the clients. Such a determination is quite important for the management as this will help in analysing the challenges and the future changes that can be implemented by the management. 2. Linear programming - Through this process, the management of the company choose to adopt and implement an effective strategy through which the resource allocation can be conducted. This is one of the most important factors as it will help in redoing the operational expenses that can reduce the profit earning merging for the management. In this case, it is essential to determine the best policies and steps that can be followed for implementing the changes that are required for improving the quality of services that are required to be provided to the company (Frost, 2003). Conduct of audits by the company The performance of the company has to be evaluated through the audit process. in this method, the strategies that has been followed by the company for decision making has to be analysed and the corrective steps needs to be implemented for making the changes. The available resources with the company have to be used in an effective manner. For this, the challenges that are faced by the company for implementing the changes have to be designed and implemented in the right manner. Conducting the organizational audit has to be included in the plan. This will help in analysing the strengths and the weakness of the company. This is one of the most important factors for introducing the required changes in the marketing plan. Through the audit process, the company develops and implement effectives strategies for improving the production activities. The management of Toyota believes in improving the quality of services and products that has been rendered to the clients. In this case, the challe nges that are faced by the management have to be analysed and the corrective steps needs to be taken for improving the production process. It includes analysing and implementing the corrective steps through which the changes in the designs and other factors can be introduced by the company. Based on the findings it is necessary to make the necessary changes or recommendations that will help in increasing the production activities. Such changes are implemented with an intention of increasing the future production activities for the company. In the structure approach, the data are collected and the same is analysed in the right manner. This is done with an intention of making the required changes in terms of the production activities those incudes implementing the design change. Such factors are required for introducing better Custer services that is required for attracting the customers. It is quite challenging to handle the complex business environmental factors. For this, the facto r that impacts the process off decision making has to be analysed. This will help in making the right decision that is required for successful business operational activities (Fuld Company, 2003). In case of the internal audit, the ability of the management to perform different activities within the company is analysed. This has done to find the details related to the controllable variables. Such factors also include analysing the changes in the price, labour cost, management changes, and other facts that can directly impact the performance of the company. The audit is conducted to find the areas of concerns as this will help in finding the relevant information about the areas which needs to be improved. Some of the uncontrollable variables include Policy change The changes implemented by the federal authorities can directly affect the performance of the company. In this case, there has to be a backup plan that needs to be created to help the management to cope with such changes. Such factors are quite essential and it needs to be analysed in the right manner. Change in the economic condition - Changes in the economic condition of the country can directly impact the performance of the company. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the necessary changes are implemented to cope or handle such variations. During recession, buyers are unwilling to invest in the purchases of the goods and services. Thus, it is necessary to analyse the changes that needs to be implemented for the purpose of making the required changes through which the quality of the services can be improved (Haberberg, and Rieple, 2001). Labour market In order to carry out the reduction activities in an effective manner, it is necessary to ensure that the task is performed by exerts. For this, it is essential to hire a team of excerpts who can improve the quality of production activities, and reduce the operational activities. External audits In this case, the management of the company conduct a research on different factors like 1. Environment - The environmental factors include changes that are associated with the challenges that are related to the production activities. In this case, the management of the company has to prepared and solved in the right manner. For this, the company predicts the challenges that are expected to be faced by the management in future. Based on the findings, the management of the company attempt to find the right solution through which the issue can be sorted out in the best possible manner. Some of the environment factors include changes in the customer behaviour and preferences, price variations, introduction of new designs by the company, and others. 2. Completive variables - In this case, the changes in the level of competition are analysed. For this, the necessary changes in terms of implementing changes to cope with the competitive variables are analysed. For doing so, the management of the company has to prepare a backup plan through which the changes in the process can be analysed and the corrective steps can be implemented. Some of the important competitive factors include market changes, customer expectations, deliverance of high quality goods and services, and others. These factors are quite important for the managements and the same needs to be considered at the time of planning and implementing the changes that are required for the successful business operations (Knott, 2006) 3. Market factors - The market factors includes changes in the price of the raw materials, supplier relationship with the company, and other factors. These factors are quite important for the successful business operational activities. Besides this, the change that has to be implemented by the company has to be done after understanding the changes that will have to be implemented for introducing the changes. Marled factors play a key role in the development and implementation of the changes that are necessary for introducing the technical changes through which the production activities for the company can be increased. Plans to keep up with the stakeholders perception The stakeholders for the company are quite important and play a key role in the development and implementation of the right strategies for the development of Toyota. In this case, the strategy that has been proposed to be developed by the company has to be done after analysing the changes that are expected to increase the production activities for the company. Some of the strategies that are basically concentrated upon includes operational and communication. These factors are considered to be quite important and impact the performance of the business. For introducing the right type of changes it is essential to analyse the future growth of the company. The major strategy changes needs to be implemented after analysing the feedback that has been received by the company (Liebpwitz 2006). Communication strategy In this method, the management of the company adopts and implements an effective strategy that will help in increasing the production activities. This is one of the necessary steps as the company intends to reach out to maximum number of clients at the short span of time. Customers of the company are also considered to be the stakeholders and this is one of the reasons the management intends to provide the best possible services to the existing and potential clients. For this, the necessary steps for increasing the quality of the production activities are designed and implemented by the management. This will be helpful in coping with the requirements of the hybrid market requirements. Also an effort has been made to cope with the branding, promotional, and advertising process. These factors together play a key role. The number of competition has increased in the car industry, and this is one of the reasons the management work towards providing the best possible services through which the customers can be retained with the company. This is one of the reasons the quality of communication that is adopted by the company needs to be effective. Communication has been done with an intention of sharing the right type of information with the users (Lisinski, and aruckij, 2006). Customer services The management of the company always work towards finding the best methods through which the quality of the services can be improved. This has been done with an intention of rendering the best and prompt services to the clients. The company believes in showing better responsibilities towards the consumers, and for this the below mentioned factors are taken care of- Provide quality and reliable services to the clients. Introduce better pay for reimbursement method for the staffs or members who were no happy dealing with the company. Implement an effective action plan and strategic steps (Richardson et al., 2008). Stakeholders analysis The company proposes to conduct an effective strategic check through the introduction of the strategic plan for conducting the stakeholders analysis. In this method, the company analyse different methods for researching and introducing steps that will benefit the stakeholders involved with the company. In this process the management of the company ensures to collect feedback from the stakeholders and plan for the necessary changes that are considered to be necessary for making the changes. The opinion about the stakeholders is also taken into consideration as this will help in increasing the quality of the production activities. For this, the management of the company proposes to have effective and clear goals for the implementation of the strategic activities. The proposed changes have been communicated with the clients. This has been done with an intention of increasing the quality of services that has been proposed to be rendered to the clients. Changes that has been proposed to be introduced by the company includes Technological factors Communicating methods (Magdaleno et al., 2003). Marketing strategies These factors are considered to be quite important and it helps in analysing the best strategies through which the required changes will be implemented. For this, the challenges are analysed by the company and the corrective steps are taken for introducing the chances. In this case the limitations in case are analysed. This has been done with an intention of improving the relationship with the customers and the stakeholders. In the operational strategic plan the management of the company proposed to introduce advanced technological changes that will increase the safety measures for the products that has been manufactured and sold by the company. This also includes analysing the changes in the quality task that needs to be introduced by the management. In this case, the management of the company adopt and introduce better methods for designing and introducing the changes that are related to the modern car that will be quite helpful for the buyers. Through this process the management of the company proposes to fulfil the requirements of the clients. Also the necessary steps are taken to ensure that the quality of the tasks is improved. This is required for increasing the quarry of the tasks that has been proposed to render by the company. For this, the changes in terms of consumer bencher and analysing their needs are taken not consideration. This is one of the most important factors that will help in acco mplishing the task that are related to the increase in the sales and the production activates. In the marketing strategy an attempt is made to approach maximum number of clients and this is done by analysing the available opportunities. Also, the changes that will be useful in amending the production activities will be analysed and introduced by the company. The stakeholders and suppliers of the company also form an important part of the company (Moss L and Atre S, 2003). For this the management will concentrate on the below mentioned factors Intensive Diversification Defensive Integrative For analysing the marketing penetration process, it is essential to analyse the marketing mix. In this process the challenges that are analysed needs to be analysed and the same needs to be communicated with different departments. This will help in increasing the services quality that is required for the company. In this process the different process that will be helpful in the market and product development are analysed. This will help in making the required changes that will be helpful in amending the changes. Apart from this the type of services that needs to be rendered to the clients has to be analysed and introduced in the right manner this also includes the steps that needs to be followed for introducing the steps that needs to be followed for product development. The plan includes introducing better steps through which the changes can be introduced for increasing the same for the company. In this process, the management attempt to follow the ethical process as this will help in increasing the goodwill for the company (Muntean, 2007). Conclusion The changes in the production activities have to be planned and implemented in the right manner. For this, the needs have to be introduced for increasing the sales for the company. In this process, the tools and techniques that needs to be adopted by the company has to be implemented in the correct manner. This will improve the quality of the services that has been proposed to be rendered to the clients. Apart from this, the step that needs to be followed for introducing the changes in the production activities has to be planned. This will help in introducing the right changes that will help in making the correct changes that will be useful for increasing the quality of services that has been proposed to be rendered to the clients. Planning is required for executing different factors about the production activities and it is useful for different departments. This is one of the reasons, the change that has been proposed to be made by the company has to be planned and implemented in th e correct manner. This will help in approaching maximum number of clients through which the changes that will be useful for making the changes. In this method, the challenges that are faced by the company have to be analysed and the corrective steps needs to be taken for implementing the changes. Strategic plan is incomplete without introducing the changes that are required for implementing changes in different departments like marketing, production, and others. These departments are quite important and play an important role in the developmental process. This is one of the reasons the changes are made after introducing the best possible changes that are required for exaction of the task. References Aaldehayyat J and Anchor J, 2008: Strategic planning tools and techniques in Jordan: awareness and use. Strategic Change Journal, 17, 7/8: 282293. ISSN 1086-1718. Ambrosini, V and Bowman, C, 2003. Managerial Consensus and Corporate Strategy: Why Do Executives Agree or Disagree about Corporate Strategy. European management journal, volume 21, issue 2, pages 213-221. Baumgartner R., Frlich O., Gottlob G., Harz P., Herzog M., Lehmann P, 2005 Web Data Extraction for Business Intelligence: the Lixto Approach, Datenbanksysteme in Business, Technologie und Web (BTW), LNI, Series of the Gesellschaft fr Informatik, P-65, pp. 4865. Becker J., Knackstedt R and Serries T, 2003, Architectures for Enterprise Information Portals: An Approach to Integrate Data Warehousing and Content Management, Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Information Systems, Naples, Italy. Carvalho R and Ferreira M, 2001. Using Information Technology to Support Knowledge Conversion Processes, Information Research, vol. 7, No. 1, 2001. Clark D, 2007. Strategic management tool usage: a comparative study. Strategic Change Journal, 6, 7: 417427. ISSN 1086-1718. Choi, S. (2006). Group revenue management: A model for evaluating group profi tability. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 47(3), 260-271. FROST F, 2003: The use of strategic tools by small and medium-sized enterprises: an Australasian study. Strategic Change, 12, 1: 4962. ISSN 1086-1718. Collins, M. Parsa, H.G. (2006). Pricing strategies to maximize revenues in the lodging industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 25(1), 91-107. Cross, R., Higbie, J. Cross, D. (2009). Revenue managements renaissance: a rebirth of the art and science of profi table revenue generation. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 50(1), 56-81 Demirciftci, T., Cobanoglu, C., Beldona, S. Cummings, P. (2010). Room rate parity analysis across diff erent hotel distribution channels in the U.S. Journal of Hospitality Marketing Management, 19(4), 295-308 Fuld Company (2003), Leveraging the Web, Intelligence Software Report 2003, available at: Haberberg, A. and Rieple, A, 2001. The Strategic Management of Organization. England: Pearson Education Limited. Knott, P., 2006: Typology of strategy tool applications. Management Decision Journal, 44, 8: 10901105. ISSN 0025-1747. Kimes, S.E. McGuire, K.A. (2001). Function-space revenue management: a case study from Singapore. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 42(6), 33-46. Koenig, M. Meissner, J. (2010). List pricing versus dynamic pricing: Impact on the revenue risk. European Journal of Operational Research, 204(3), 505-512. Liebpwitz J. (2006), Strategic Intelligence: Business Intelligence, Competitive Intelligence, and Knowledge Management, Auerbach Publications. Lisinski, M and aruckij, M., 2006: Principles of the application of strategic planning methods. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 7, 2: 3743. ISSN 1611-1699. Ingold, A., McMahon-Beattie, U. Yeoman, I. (eds.) (2001). Yield management. Strategies for the service industries. London: Continuum. Ivanov, S. Zhechev, V. (2011). Hotel marketing (in Bulgarian). Varna: Zangador. Richardson J., Schlegel K., Hostmann B., McMurchy N. (2008), Magic Quadrant for Business Intelligence Platforms, Gartner RAS Core Research Note G00154227. Magdaleno, A.; Cappelli, C.; Baiao, F.; Santoro, F. and Araujo, R. (2008) Towards collaboration maturity in business processes: An exploratory study in oil production processes. Information systems management. 25, 302-318. Moss L and Atre S, 2003. Business Intelligence Roadmap: The Complete Project Lifecycle for Decision-Support Applications, Addison-Wesley Professional. Muntean M, 2007. Business Intelligence Solutions for Gaining Competitive Advantage, Revista Informatica Economica, nr. 3 (43)/2007 Noone, B.M., Kimes, S.E. Renaghan, L.M. (2003). Integrating customer relationship management with revenue management: A hotel perspective. Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management, 2(1), 7-21. Ranjan J, 2005. Business Intelligence: Concepts, Components, Techniques And Benefits. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology. Retrieved from Viewed on 14/1/2015. Rigby, D and Bilodeau, B., 2011: Management Tools Trends 2011. Bain Company Report Ã…Å ¾tefănescu A. (2007), Business Intelligence Improving Performance of Reengineering Project, 1st International Online Conference on Business Management, Yazd University, Teheran. Stenfors, S., Tanner, L., Haapalinna, I.,2004: Executive Use of Strategy Tools: Building Shared Understanding through Boundary Objects. Frontiers of E-Business research 2004, 635645. Tallon, P. (2007) A process-oriented perspective on the alignment of information technology and business strategy. Journal of Management Information Systems. Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 227-268. Turban, E., Rainer, R. and Potter, R (2005) Introduction to Information Technology. USA: John WileySons VaitkeviÄ ius, S., Merkys, G., and SavaneviÄ ien, A., 2006: Model of Strategic Analysis Tools Typology. Engineering Economics, 47, 2, 99109. ISSN 1392-2785 VaitkeviÄ ius, S., 2006: Modelling of Strategic Analysis in Strategic Management. Economics of Engineering decisions, 49, 4, 3747. ISSN 1392-2785. Vitt E., Luckevich M., Misner S. (2002), Business Intelligence: Making Better Decisions Faster, Microsoft Press. Wingyan C., Hsinchun C and Nunamaker J.F, 2003. Business intelligence explorer: a knowledge map framework for discovering business intelligence on the Web, System Sciences, 6-9 Jan. 2003 Page(s): 10 pp. Yin, R. (2003) Case study research: design and methods. Third edition, UK: Sage Publication Ltd. Zeng, L., Xu, L., Shi, Z., Wang, M. and Wu, W. (2006), Techniques, Process, and Enterprise Solutions of Business Intelligence", IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Taipei, Taiwan pp. 4722.